Key Terms We Use in Our Teaching
|Digraph||two letters make one sound (e.g. sh, ch, ai, ea, ou, ow)|
|Trigraph||three letters make one sound (e.g. igh, ear, air, ure)|
|Split digraph||two letters make one sound but the letters have been split apart by another letter. (e.g. the a - e sound in cape)|
|Phoneme||a single unit of sound|
|Grapheme||a written letter, or group of letter that represent a sound|
|Consonants||b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z|
|Blend||to put or merge the sounds together to make a word (e.g. the sounds d-o-g are blended to the word ‘dog’)|
|Segment||to break down the word into its individual sounds to spell (e.g cat can be split into the sounds c-a-t.)|
|Sound buttons||ways of visually isolating different sounds in a word. We use a dot under letters where one letter makes one sound and a line understand digraphs or trigraphs|
Websites You Can Use to Support Your Child With Their Phonics Learning at Home
The Pioneer Federation has a rigorous whole school approach to the teaching of phonics through daily teaching sessions and ongoing assessment.
All children in Nursery, Reception and Year 1 will be taught phonic skills through a range of teaching methods. The Letters and Sounds framework and Jolly Phonics letter sounds and actions are used alongside a wealth of games and activities. The content of the ‘Phonics Play’ planners are used as a basis for teachers’ planning for each new sound, alongside thorough ongoing assessment. Online learning tools are also utilised in phonics sessions; Discovery Espresso Phonics clips, games and activities alongside many others.’
Phonics is taught daily for 20 minutes. The dedicated daily phonics lessons follow a thorough programme to ensure the rapid learning of skills.
Information about phonics can be found on pages 4 & 5 of the Reading Policy.
|Nursery||Phase 1 games and activities|
|EYFS Reception||Term 1 - Phase 1 revision alongside Phase
Term 2 – Phase 2 and beginning Phase 3
Term 3 – Phase 3
Term 4 – Phase 3/4
Term 5 – Phase 4/5
Term 6 – Phase 5
|Year 1||Phase 5 and recap lower phases based on assessment|
|Year 2||Phase 6 and recap of lower phases based on assessment
No Nonsense Spelling taught alongside this
Intervention for any children identified in need of support
|KS2||Intervention for any children identified in need of support
No Nonsense Spelling taught alongside this
In Reception the children start with Phase 2 sounds (s, a, t, p, i, n) progressing onto Phase 3 (digraphs and trigraphs). Phase 4 is then taught using the sounds that the children already know to build up skills of blending and segmenting longer words.
In Year 1, we assess how secure the children are with the Phase 3 content and consolidate any gaps in the children’s knowledge of Phase 4. Teaching then moves rapidly onto Phase 5. As in Reception, we use a range of strategies in whole class daily teaching sessions. The mixed aged Key Stage 1 class is taught in year groups with the class teacher overseeing other staff who are trained in phonics delivery. Ongoing assessments are used to track progress. Year 1 pupils do the Phonics screening in June of Year 1.
In Year 2, we revisit and revise Phase 5 phonic gaps highlighted by the Phonics Screening Check, making connection between phonic sounds and spelling by following the No-Nonsense Spelling approach. The children will also onto developing the skill of understanding and answering comprehension questions. Some Year 2 children may need to re-visit the Phonic screening if they did not achieve the pass mark – these children will receive specific intervention to support them to pass this by the end of Key Stage 1.
Current phonics learning is displayed on class working walls for the children and adults to be referring to throughout the school day. The sound of the day or pattern will be highlighted throughout other learning so that this becomes embedded.
Phonics is tracked throughout the school and individual children are identified for extra intervention if needed. This continues throughout Key Stage 2. If children do not pass the Phonics Screening Check at the end of Year 2, their intervention continues throughout Key Stage 2 to ensure they have the knowledge they need to develop effective reading skills.
Phonics information meetings are also held to advise parents on the reading strategies used in school and how best they may help their child before the children start their Reception Year, and in Nursery where appropriate. Additional meetings are held to support parents prior to the Year 1 phonic screening in the Summer Term.